Book details

Armenians And The Iranian Constitutional Revolution Of 1905-1911

The Love For Freedom Has No Fatherland

By Houri Berberian

About the Book

Drawing upon original sources, this study provides the most comprehensive treatment to date of the issue of Armenian politicization and participation in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1905-1911). Houri Berberian traces the political, economic, and social situation of Armenians in the nineteenth century with a special emphasis on the Armenian provinces of the Ottoman Empire, which became the focus of the Armenian revolutionary movement in the late nineteenth century, and on the Russian-ruled Caucasus, which became the source of the nationalist and socialist revolutionary movement. Discussion of the Iranian Armenian community includes, for the first time, a look into the roles and activism of Iranian Armenian women. Berberian explores the ideological, political, and pragmatic motivations of Armenians, and examines the collaboration of Armenian and Iranian constitutionalists, drawing attention to the ideological and military contributions of Armenians to the revolution as well as to the internal and external conflicts among Armenian activists and between Armenian and Iranian constitutionalist elements. Berberian concludes with a discussion of the causes and consequences of the retreat of Armenians from Iranian politics.

About the Author

Houri Berberian is professor of history at California State University, Long Beach.


“Using Armenian and Persian sources as well as European ones, Berberian has produced a succinct and meticulous but highly readable work examining the participation of Armenians in the Constitutional Revolution. . . . Overall, Berberian has provided us with a highly enjoyable book on a lively topic. It will remain the definitive work on the subject until historians gain free access to the Hunchak archives on Iran; to the Social Democratic records stored in the Caucasus, especially Baku; and, most important of all, to the massive Ottoman files dealing with Iran . . . Until then, Berberian's work will be the last word on the subject. ” The American Historical Review  

“Houri Berberian's Armenians and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1911 . . . [provides] a comprehensive and sustained account based on original research in Armenian and Persian. In addition to investigating the motivations and conflicts that guided Armenian participation over the course of the revolution, Berberian breaks new ground by concurrently exploring the role and activism of Armenian women. . . . In sum, Houri Berberian has investigated an important facet of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution, probing issues and answering questions about the role of Armenians that were heretofore either ignored or left to speculation. . . . lucidly argued and skillfully edited.” Iranian Studies